Hi, Everyone! In 1921, in the year of the Noncooperation Movement, a new Congress creed was passed.
“The new creed declared: ‘That the object of the Congress is the attainment of Swaraj by the people of India by all legitimate and peaceful means.”
But what exactly did the word “Swaraj” mean? Its literal meaning is “self-rule.” But many Congress members felt the need to clearly define what was meant by “attaining Swaraj.”
“There were amendments suggesting that the word Swaraj be qualified by the word ‘democratic’ or replaced by the words ‘full responsible Government within the British Commonwealth’ or by asking for a debate on the clause ‘all legitimate and peaceful means.’ But the new creed was passed.”
“So Gandhi purposely kept Swaraj undefined. Whether the pressure from the Muslim leaders, who were expecting an invasion of India by the Afghan ruler Amanullah, prevailed, is a point worth considering.”
By the end of the Noncooperation Movement (supposedly to gain “Swaraj,” which the Indians assumed meant self-rule), Swaraj was still not defined. Keer writes:
“Some more light must be shed on Gandhi’s opposition to the resolution of independence. He had been shelving the fact of defining the meaning of independence for the previous twelve months. . . . The Khilafatist Muslim leaders preferred to keep the word Swaraj undefined as they were awaiting the overrunning of India by Afghan forces. At the Nagpur Congress, Gandhi and Mohamed Ali had opposed B. C. Pal’s amendment to Gandhi’s draft, adding the word ‘democratic’ to the word Swaraj. Pal wrote later in Mahomed Ali’s Comrade: ‘I learned that Swaraj was left without any definition because the moment we tried to do so, the unity in Congress would break up.’ Now that the treaty was signed between Afghanistan and India, the Muslim leaders became desperate and so Hazarat Mohani struggled hard to force the Congress to declare independence.”
But Gandhi still did not allow it. He prevented Hazrat Mohani’s resolution of complete independence from being passed through Congress.
“‘Let us not,” he [Gandhi] added, “get into waters whose depth we do not know.’ The proposal, if passed, would take them to unfathomable depths. Creeds were not simple things which they could change as they did their clothes.”
Mohani had claimed that Jawarharlal Nehru supported his resolution. Nehru issued a complete denial to this. Mohani got no support from Nehru.
“Pandit Nehru, who was in Lucknow jail at the time, expressed his entire dissent from Maulana Hazarat Mohani’s resolution. If he had the good fortune, he added, to attend the Congress, he would certainly have opposed the Maulana,”
On January 5, 1922—before the Noncooperation movement supposedly aiming for freedom was called off!—Gandhi said in his magazine Young India:
“It will be unlawful for us to insist on independence. For it will be vindictive and petulant. It will be a denial of God.”
Why had he deluded the Indians that they were sacrificing their lives for freedom of India in his Noncooperation Movement, then?!!
“About two months later, M. Paul Richard, a French Author, declared in an interview in the Lokmanya, that Gandhi had said to him:
‘I do not work for freedom of India. I work for non-violence in the world.’”
He dared say this after the tremendous violence that had taken place during his Noncooperation Movement!
He dared say this after so many Indians had made tremendous sacrifices (being unaware of his true agenda) to participate in his Noncooperation Movement, believing in his promise of Swaraj—self-rule—in one year!
Mahatma Gandhi Facts: Gandhi Revealed
 Mahatma Gandhi, Political Saint and Unarmed Prophet, by Dhananjay Keer; page 365.
 Ibid, page 365.
 For proof of the part Gandhi played in this scheme of the Afghan invasion—an utter betrayal of the Indian freedom cause—read Swami Shraddhanand’s article of 1926 (from a seried of 26 articles exposing the Congress) written shortly before he was murdered. (Neo Maulana, page 124 @ http://www.anurupacinar.com/pdf/Inside%20Congress,%20twenty-six%20articles%20exposing%20the%20Congress,%20by%20Swami%20Shraddhananda.pdf)
 Mahatma Gandhi, by Keer, page 415.
 Ibid, page 414.
 Ibid, page 416.
 Ibid, page 416
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