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Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Biography of Savarkar, Post 15: Checking the Congress

       In 1939, Savarkar launched a successful civil disobedience movement against the Nizam of Hyderabad.

·       With WWII, the Government threw open for Indians the opportunities in industrialization and military, and Savarkar stepped up his campaign pushing Hindus into grabbing them.

·       In August of 1942 the Congress launched the unwise Quit India Movement. Even so, for the sake of national unity, Savarkar offered to join this movement on the condition that Congress declared the goal to be United India. But having already passed—in April 1942—the resolution to grant Pakistan to the Muslims the Congress declined. Therefore Savarkar and Hindu Mahasabha did not participate in the movement.

·       Thanks to many unwise decisions on the Congress part, Jinnah and the Muslim League, too, had become powerful by this time. From here on Indian politics moved towards Pakistan on swift wings, with Jinnah proposing and Congress disposing. The particular landmarks are:

(1) The Rajaji case (1942-1944)

(2) Gandhi-Jinnah talk; Gandhi interviews in the newspapers (1944)

(3) Bhulabhai-Liaquat plan (1945)

(4) Simla Conference (1945)

·        In every case, under the leadership of Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha launched strong attacks to check the vivisection of India. He exposed the nefarious intentions of the Congress to the Hindus.

·        In addition, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army (INA,) though defeated, had made serious dents in the might of the Raj. Indians loved these patriots passionately.

·        The fate of Mother India—saving her integrity—looked like a strong possibility.

·        Politically there was a deadlock between all parties and Viceroy Wavell declared elections to be held in December 1945 to settle the issue.

  - Anurupa

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